Recently, Pope Benedict XVI of the Roman catholic Church was delivering a theological lecture when he mentioned a medieval figure who had noted that Islam was founded on and led in violence by its founder Muhammad.

It took only a few days for news reports of the pontiff’s words to reach the Muslim world. It was as if, with one voice, the Muslim world said, “How dare those infidels to besmirch our leader and our religious character in implying we are a religion of violence.”

In numerous Islamic nations masses took to the streets, smashing windows, overturning cars, pelting foreign embassies with stones and more. Demonstrations went on night and day. The pope was burned in effigy. A Catholic nun was slain in one such country. Calls for the pop’s resignation and his death went out.

In spite of Benedict’s apologies, there is still upset. How could he have been so “mistaken?”